A robotic prostatectomy procedure is a surgical procedure to remove a man's prostate in which the surgeon uses robotic arms to make more precise incisions, according to the American Cancer Society. The benefits of undergoing this type of surgery are less pain, faster recovery and less blood loss.
When performing a robotic prostatectomy, the surgeon sits at a nearby panel and manipulates robotic arms to make small several small incisions, similar to the ones performed in a conventional laparoscopic surgery, the American Cancer Society explains. The robotic arms give the surgeon more maneuverability and precision.
As of late 2015, compared to conventional laparoscopic surgery, the robotic prostatectomy delivers virtually the same benefits, the American Cancer Society states. Since the robotic procedure is relatively new, it's important to find a surgeon who has plenty of experience using the robotic interface. Surgeons who perform higher numbers of these procedures report fewer instances of side effects, such as erectile dysfunction and urinary problems.
In addition to small risks with any surgery, such as infection, heart attack, stroke and adverse reactions to anesthesia, any prostatectomy can create urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction, the American Cancer Society reports. Other treatments for prostate cancer in addition to surgery, may also cause these side effects.