Although rare, the most severe risks of hemorrhoid surgery include trapped stool in the anal canal, surgical infection, loss of bladder or bowel control, and having the rectal lining slide out of the anal opening. The common effects are bleeding, pain and urine retention, notes WebMD
Hemorrhoidectomy, or hemorrhoid surgery, is the right choice for those who have external and internal hemorrhoids, or for people who have gone through such treatments as rubber band ligation, only to have that treatment fail. Hemmorhoid surgery is also suitable for individuals who have large external hemorrhoids causing discomfort and leaving the anal area dirty, people who have very large internal hemorrhoids or people who have symptoms from internal hemorrhoids even after nonsurgical treatments, as stated by WebMD.
About 95 percent of the time hemorrhoid surgery works. This is a surgery that can make a significant difference in terms of quality of life for people who are able to alter daily bowel habits to keep from straining or developing constipation. While some postoperative bleeding is normal after the surgery, particularly with the first bowel movement after the procedure, using ice packs to address pain and swelling and applying numbing medications before and after moving the bowels are ways to recover from this procedure, according to WebMD.