Some of the main complications associated with tooth implant procedures include implant failure and gum disease, according to DocShop. Implant failure can occur if the body has been missing teeth for an extended period of time.
Dental implants rely on osseointegration, which refers to the process by which the tooth implant posts fuse to the body's natural bone tissue, explains DocShop. If the body has been missing teeth, it may direct calcium and phosphorus away from the jaw and to other areas of the body in an effort to be more efficient. This results in degeneration of the jaw bone and poor bone density, which make it difficult for osseointegration to occur. A bone graft is a potential solution to this problem. Tooth implant procedures are also risky for individuals with advanced gum disease, or chronic perionditis. This disease causes bone deterioration and slowly destroys connective tissue on teeth roots. It also destroys gums and bone.
Another dental implant complication that may occur post-surgery is peri-implantitis, adds MedicineNet. Peri-implantitis is the inflammation of the bone surrounding the implant and can cause the loss of the implant if untreated. Symptoms of peri-implantitis include changes of color in the gums, bleeding or discharge of pus near the site of the implant, and decrease in bone height around the tooth.