Surgery for Dupuytren's contracture may present risks that include damage to nerves or blood vessels in the hand, infection and numbness, according to Scott & White Healthcare. The outcome of the surgery determines whether the patient requires secondary surgeries if the condition returns.
Although all surgeries present some risk, dangerous risks from undergoing surgery for Dupuytren's contracture are relatively rare, asserts the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Long-term stiffness of the fingers from surgery can develop but is uncommon. More common side effects include swelling of the fingers or hand, and short-term pain.
Anesthesia injected into the hand is used during surgery for Dupuytren's contracture, according to Scott & White Healthcare. The doctor makes a cut in the hand and begins removing fascia, or the tissue underneath the fingers, then examines the dexterity of the fingers. When the fingers are able to move, the cut is stitched and wrapped with a bandage.
Needle aponeurotomy is a non-invasive surgery in which a needle is inserted to separate the tissue, states the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Dupuytren's contracture is a condition in which the tissue underneath the fingers tighten, making the fingers curl. The condition is generally painless and often is genetic. Non-surgical treatments are available, and include steroid injections and splints to help relieve pain.