The risks to a male who has hernia surgery include damage to organs and blood vessels, damage to the testicles, long-term pain and the return on the hernia, according to MedlinePlus. There are also general surgery risks, including bleeding, heart problems, breathing problems, infection and reactions to medications.
There are two types of hernia surgery that a doctor may suggest, depending on the size and severity of a hernia, explains MedlinePlus. Open surgery is one option, and in this case, the surgeon cuts near the hernia and separates it from nearby tissue. The doctor removes the hernia sac, makes sure the intestines are back in place, and closes the abdomen with stitches. In some cases, the doctor uses mesh to strengthen the muscles.
The other type of hernia surgery is laparoscope surgery, which is typically for hernias that are small, states MedlinePlus. A laparoscope is a small tube with a camera that allows a doctor to see inside the body without making a large incision. Instead, the doctor makes a few small cuts into the belly, and then puts the laparoscope into the belly. The surgeon places the intestines back into place, and then removes the hernia sac. This surgery offers less pain, faster healing time and less scarring than open hernia surgery.