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What are the risks of high blood pressure in men?

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Quick Answer

The risks of high blood pressure in men include damage to the blood vessels, heart, kidneys and eyes, according to WebMD. In addition, high blood pressure can cause problems in the brain, explains Mayo Clinic.

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What are the risks of high blood pressure in men?
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Full Answer

High blood pressure, known as hypertension, is a condition of high tension or pressure in the arteries through which the heart pumps blood, states MedicineNet. Two types of pressure are measured to determine blood pressure: systolic and diastolic. Systolic blood pressure is pressure in the arteries as the heart contracts, while diastolic blood pressure is pressure in the arteries as the heart relaxes. The two readings are listed as a ratio: systolic pressure over diastolic pressure.

A single blood pressure reading does not provide an accurate assessment of blood pressure, according to the American Heart Association. Doctors diagnose hypertension by taking several readings over time. Readings that stay at or above 140 over 90 indicate hypertension.

High blood pressure causes problems by stretching the arteries beyond their normal limits. The effects of this stretching include hardening, narrowing or weakening of the arteries, notes Mayo Clinic. This kind of damage can cause heart attack, aneurysm, stroke, vision problems and kidney failure, as the heart, brain, eyes and kidneys depend on the oxygen-rich blood the arteries provide for proper function.

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