Although a hysterectomy is a low-risk procedure, possible complications of an abdominal hysterectomy include infection, excessive bleeding, blood clots and the early onset of menopause, as affirmed by Mayo Clinic. The procedure may also result in damage to the bladder, rectum or urinary tract, requiring further surgery.
A small number of women may also experience urinary incontinence, chronic pain, vaginal prolapse or the formation of a fistula between the vagina and the bladder, according to WebMD. A woman enters menopause immediately after the procedure if the ovaries are removed. If the ovaries remain intact, she may enter menopause at an earlier age. A woman may also have a greater risk of developing health conditions such as heart disease and bone loss if both ovaries are removed.
Women may also experience emotional side effects, such as grief, depression or a sense of loss, after a hysterectomy, as affirmed by the Office on Women's Health. Patients should consult a doctor if they experience symptoms such as lack of energy or loss of interest in things they once enjoyed. Some women experience vaginal dryness or a reduced interest in sex after a hysterectomy. Others find that their sex life has improved because they no longer experience pain.