What Are the Risks Associated With a Prostate Cancer Biopsy?


Quick Answer

Risks of a prostrate biopsy include bleeding at the biopsy site, infection, blood in the semen and difficulty urinating, according to Mayo Clinic. Additionally, there is a risk of experiencing an allergic reaction to the anesthesia used, explains WebMD.

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Full Answer

Following a prostate biopsy, a person who experiences increased pain or a fever, is unable to urinate for a period of eight hours, has blood in the urine for two to three days or has heavy bleeding for two to three days should call his physician, states WebMD. Infection is the most common risk, but it is rare for an infection of the urinary tract or prostate to occur that requires antibiotics, reports Mayo Clinic. While difficulty urinating is a common side effect, it is also rare for the condition to require a temporary catheter.

Typically, the results of a prostate biopsy are available in a 10 day period, according to WebMD. Normal results show that there is no indication of cancer or infection, while abnormal results indicate the presence of cancer or an infection. In some cases, the results of the biopsy are not helpful in making a diagnosis. This occurs when the amount of tissue taken is not large enough to make a diagnosis. The tissue sample also may not contain cancer cells even if prostate cancer is present, as a biopsy only removes a small area of tissue.

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