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What are the risks associated with Prolotherapy?

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Risks associated with Prolotherapy include stiffness, bleeding and bruising in the area, infections, and nerve injury, notes Caring Medical and Rehabilitation Services, S.C. Other potential risks include spinal headaches, lung punctures, joint effusion, swelling and heightened pain. Tendon and ligament injuries may also occur.

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Following Prolotherapy treatment, patients typically notice swelling, bruising, pain and stiffness that lasts between one to seven days, explains Caring Medical and Rehabilitation Services, S.C. Prolotherapy works by inducing inflammation in the treated area, so these side effects are normal. However, severe pain may be an indication of an infection from the treatment, especially if the patient is also running a fever, and the patient should report any pain to the clinic that administered the Prolotherapy.

Many of the more severe risks of Prolotherapy are rare and relate largely to the technique with which the practitioner administers the treatment, according to Caring Medical and Rehabilitation Services, S.C. For example, a cerebrospinal fluid leak can occur if an inexperienced clinician inserts a needle into the spinal canal while treating an area along the spine, resulting in a spinal headache. Likewise, inappropriate treatment technique can result in a needle puncturing a lung while treating the chest area. For these reasons, it is important that patients look for a skilled and experienced provider.

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