Specific risks that are associated with kidney removal include injury to nearby organs, hernia of the wound, kidney failure and poor functioning of the remaining kidney, as stated by National Institutes of Health's MedlinePlus. It may also have other common surgery risks, including bleeding, breathing difficulty, infection, heart attack and blood clotting.
Also known as nephrectomy, kidney removal is a surgical procedure done to remove a part or whole of the kidney. Long-term risks of this procedure may include those of living without two fully functioning kidneys. Reasons for undergoing this operation include kidney donation, kidney cancer, severe kidney trauma or injury, birth defects and a damaged kidney. It usually takes up to 3 hours or more for the surgery to be completed. Following the surgery, the remaining kidney functions effectively to support a healthy life, but the general function lessens.
Some risks associated with kidney removal can be prevented by providing any useful information to the doctor prior to the surgery. This includes any medications a patient is using and if the patient is pregnant. Staying in the hospital for 2 to 7 days is necessary for the doctor to monitor the patient for any complications, as according to MedlinePlus. Recovery times differ from patient to patient.