The risks associated with hernia surgery with mesh include infection, pain, scar tissue and hernia recurrence, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Mesh contraction, mesh migration, intestinal obstruction and bleeding can also occur after mesh surgery. A majority of these complications involve recalled mesh products.
The most common hernia surgery complications that result from the use of recalled products include adhesion, perforation and pain, notes the FDA. Individuals who have had hernia surgery with mesh can check the FDA's website for a list of recalled products and the Medical & Radiation Emitting Device Database to look up a specific type of mesh.
Surgical mesh often helps support weakened or damaged tissue, states the FDA. Surgical mesh is usually constructed from man-made materials that can be absorbable, non-absorbable or a combination of the two. There is also mesh made from processed and disinfected animal skin or intestine. A majority of this type of mesh is derived from either pigs or cows. As of 2015, using synthetic mesh can add anywhere from $50 to $100 to the total cost of the procedure while animal mesh can add in excess of $8,000, according to WebMD.
While a doctor can perform a hernia repair surgery without mesh, the option comes with a greater risk of recurrence, notes WebMD. Open surgery with mesh is usually not recommended for obese individuals or those at a greater risk of infection.