The main risk associated with ceramic cookware is the possibility that the manufacturer used lead or cadmium to produce the ceramic coating. Children who ingest cadmium and/or lead have increased risk of experiencing learning disabilities.
Ceramic cookware sold in the United States must meet requirements set by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and California's Prop 65. Consumers should not use ceramic cookware purchased in another country because it may contain unsafe levels of lead or cadmium. Any antique, craft, decorative or collectible ceramic cookware is possibly unsafe for cooking. Ceramic cookware purchased in the United States should have no or minimal amounts of these metals.
Ceramic cookware provides nonstick surfaces for cooking, which simplifies cleanup. Smooth, colorful and dishwasher safe, ceramic cookware provides even heat distribution for cooking. Some consumers claim that the nonstick qualities diminish over time.
Along with glass, stainless steel, iron and porcelain cookware, ceramic cookware is generally safe for cooking. To minimize the risk that unwanted metals leach into foods, consumers must make sure that glass and ceramic cookware are approved for use in the United States and are labeled safe for cooking. They must inspect cookware for abrasions and chips that may allow metals to enter foods while cooking.