Q:

What is the right treatment for Lyme disease?

A:

Quick Answer

The Mayo Clinic states that the standard treatment for Lyme disease is a course of oral antibiotics. Some patients with central nervous system involvement require intravenous antibiotics instead.

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What is the right treatment for Lyme disease?
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Full Answer

According to the Mayo Clinic, doxycycline is the preferred antibiotic for treating Lyme disease. Amoxicillin and cefuroxime are alternate antibiotic options suitable for children under 8 and adults who are pregnant or breastfeeding. The standard length of treatment is 14 to 21 days, although some research shows that shorter courses of antibiotics may be as effective as longer ones.

Serious cases of Lyme disease with nervous system involvement are treated with a 14 to 28 day course of intravenous antibiotics. Possible side effects of intravenous antibiotic treatment include intestinal distress, a low white blood cell count and infection with antibiotic-resistant conditions. Some patients continue to have symptoms after their treatment is over. The Mayo Clinic notes this might be due to an autoimmune response, but research in this area is still inconclusive.

Lyme disease is spread by infected ticks. Early symptoms include an expanding rash and typical flu symptoms. Untreated Lyme disease sometimes spreads to other body systems, causing joint problems and nervous system complications. Rarely, Lyme disease leads to heart problems, eye inflammation and hepatitis. Early treatment is recommended to avoid complications.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Is Lyme disease contagious?

    A:

    According to MedicineNet, Lyme disease is not contagious from an infected individual to another person. Lyme disease is caused by a kind of bacterium referred to as spirochete. According to Mayo Clinic, this bacterium is predominantly carried by deer ticks; an infected deer tick must bite a person for transmission.

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  • Q:

    How is Lyme disease contracted?

    A:

    Humans contract Lyme disease via the bite of an infected tick, according to Mayo Clinic. When an infected tick bites a human, it passes the Borrelia burgdorferi bacterium through the skin and into the person's bloodstream.

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  • Q:

    Is advanced Lyme disease curable?

    A:

    As of September 2015, there is no scientific or medical consensus on whether or not advanced Lyme disease is curable. While most experts agree that Lyme disease can be cured in its early stages, there is controversy over the treatability of the disease in later stages, according to LymeDisease.org.

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  • Q:

    How causes Lyme disease?

    A:

    The bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi causes Lyme disease, according to Mayo Clinic. Deer or black-legged ticks carry the bacterium, passing it to humans through bites. The bite allows the bacterium to make its way into the bloodstream, causing infection and Lyme disease. Usually, a carrier tick must attach itself to the human host for 36 to 48 hours in order to transmit the disease.

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