Treatment for heart failure, which affects either the right side of the heart or both sides, involves lifestyle changes, medications and management of other related conditions, according to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Severe heart failure may require a medical procedure or surgery.
Treatment for a patient with heart failure largely depends on the condition's severity, and it aims to treat underlying causes, control symptoms, prevent the condition from worsening and lengthen the patient's lifespan, states the NHLBI. Part of lifestyle changes is a heart-healthy diet that consists of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, protein sources, and low-fat or fat-free dairy products. The diet reduces a patient's consumption of sodium, solid fats, added sugars and refined grains. Patients with heart failure should drink appropriate types and amounts of fluids and avoid alcoholic beverages.
It is also important to manage risk factors for conditions related to heart failure, such as diabetes, high blood pressure and coronary heart disease, by keeping a healthy weight, staying active, resting properly and avoiding smoking, recommends the NHLBI. To treat heart failure, doctors commonly prescribe diuretics, ACE inhibitors or aldosterone antagonists. Patients with severe heart failure usually require occasional hospital treatment that includes oxygen therapy. For patients with heart damage and serious heart failure symptoms, doctors may suggest a cardiac resynchronization therapy device.