Treatment options for tiny red spots on the skin include prescription medications such as topical exfoliants and topical retinoids, or laser therapy treatment, according to Mayo Clinic. On-going treatment is necessary to prevent future outbreaks.
Tiny red spots appear when excess keratin, a protein that helps protect skin cells from infection, hardens and clogs hair follicles on the arms, the legs and the thighs, as stated by WebMD. Topical exfoliants that contain lactic acid, salicylic acid, and alpha-hydroxy acid moisturize the skin and loosen dead skin cells to remove excess keratin before it hardens. Topical retinoids, which contain vitamin A, help improve skin cell turnover and help to remove dead skin cells, as reported by Mayo Clinic. Laser therapy treatments help reduce the appearance of red spots by reducing inflammation and redness, but cannot prevent future outbreaks, or help remove dead skin cells or excess keratin.
In addition to prescription medications and laser therapy treatments, over-the-counter moisturizers help prevent skin from becoming dry. Dry skin can lead to an increase in dead skin cells and clogged hair follicles. Lifestyle changes, such as reducing the length of showers and baths and lowering water temperatures, can also help keep skin from becoming dry, especially during the winter months when red spots on skin are most common, according to Mayo Clinic.