Clearing plaque from the arteries is very difficult to accomplish, but it is possible to slow the rate of plaque build-up or possibly bring it to a halt, according to WebMD. This can be achieved by eating more fruits and vegetables, exercising frequently, limiting alcohol consumption and quitting cigarettes.
To slow arterial plaque buildup, people should avoid high-cholesterol foods and find ways to reduce their stress levels, notes WebMD. Individuals who suffer from diabetes or high blood pressure are at an increased risk of accumulating plaque in their arteries. Excessive cholesterol build-up can dislodge from a person's arterial walls abruptly and create a clot that blood is not able to bypass, leading to sudden heart attack or stroke. If people are able to control the risk factors associated with plaque progression, they can decrease their chances of experiencing these illnesses, as well as peripheral arterial disease.
In some cases, a doctor may approve the daily use of aspirin tablets to manage the spread of cholesterol plaque and diminish the risk of developing blood clots. The process of plaque accumulation, also referred to as atherosclerosis, cannot be detected with medical tests. People are often unaware that they are experiencing a hardening of their arteries until advanced symptoms develop, notes WebMD. In addition to diet and exercise improvement, doctors may prescribe medications to manage atherosclerosis.