Get rid of muscle spasms by stretching, massaging, warming or icing the muscle, according to WebMD. Taking an Epsom salt bath also helps. For a hamstring cramp or a charley horse in the calf, sit or lie down, stretch out your leg, grasp the top of your foot, and then pull it toward your head. As an alternative, put your weight on the leg with the spasms and then bend your knee slightly.
To relieve a cramp in the quadriceps, which is the front of the thigh, stabilize yourself by holding onto a chair, grasp your foot, and pull it back toward your buttock, explains WebMD. Muscle spasms usually subside in minutes.
Muscle spasms occur when a muscle contracts involuntarily, which causes a cramp. Calf, foot, thigh, hand and abdominal muscles are among those likely to spasm. Some reasons why spasms occur include poor blood circulation, dehydration, muscle fatigue and side effects from drugs, such as diuretics and statins. Proper stretching before exercising, drinking water and eating foods with high calcium, magnesium and vitamin content help prevent muscle spasms and cramps.
Muscle cramps accompanied by nausea, vomiting, dry mouth and lack of sweat are signs and symptoms of dehydration, according to MedicineNet. The more water the body loses, the more apparent the symptoms become. Limiting body fluid loss can prevent dehydration-related spasms.