Kids Health recommends consulting a doctor to obtain a prescription for a cream that is spread onto the skin and left there overnight. The cream kills the mites, though the itching can persist for several weeks afterwards. Pay special attention to the skin between fingers, where mites like to hide.
To prevent reinfection, Kids Health advises washing all blankets, pillowcases, sheets and towels in hot, soapy water and drying them on high heat. Personal items that cannot be easily washed should be placed in sealed plastic bags for at least three days to kill any eggs and larvae. Vacuum the entire living area, and then empty and throw away the contents outside of the house.
MedicineNet describes scabies as a highly contagious skin disease caused by a mite infestation. As mites burrow into the skin, they cause itching and irritation that often worsens at night. Only the females infest human skin in this manner. It is possible to see the mites through a magnifying class, but the biggest indicator of their presence is a sudden red rash.
Orkin, a pest control service, states that there are several thousand different species of mites, most of which reach less than 1 millimeter in length. Scabies is caused by the species Sarcoptes scabiei, a parasite. However, most mites are harmless.