Hemorrhoids can be treated with over-the-counter ointments and creams containing hydrocortisone and witch hazel and minimally-invasive procedures, states Mayo Clinic. During rubber band ligation, the doctor places two small rubber bands around the hemorrhoid cutting off its circulation. During sclerotherapy, the doctor injects chemicals into the hemorrhoid to shrink it. Hemorrhoid stapling also severs circulation to the hemorrhoid. Hemorrhoidectomy, a surgery to remove extra tissue, effectively treats chronic hemorrhoids.Continue Reading
Hemorrhoids can also be treated at home by a change of lifestyle. A diet that includes high-fiber foods, such as broccoli, beans and whole grains, can help soften stools. Mayo Clinic recommends soaking in a warm bath for 10 to 15 minutes twice a day or placing a sitz bath over a toilet as a convenient option. Ice packs and compresses over the anal area can help with the swelling. Ibuprofen and acetaminophen in the form of Tylenol or Advil can help with pain relief.
According to Harvard Health Publications, everyone has internal hemorrhoids and the condition that people usually refer to as hemorrhoids is caused by straining during a bowel movement. The strain causes the hemorrhoids to bulge out against the sphincter. As a person ages, the tissue around the internal hemorrhoids weakens, allowing the hemorrhoids to protrude. Hemorrhoids are rarely dangerous although they can be painful and uncomfortable.Learn more about Gastrointestinal Issues