In the earliest stages, cavities appear as a dull, opaque white spot, which can be treated at home by the process of remineralization. Using Xylitol and antiseptics gets rid of the bacteria in the grooves of the teeth, while Xylitol and a fluoride rinse build minerals into the layers, notes Ultimate Oral Health Guide.Continue Reading
Only a stringent program of dental care, where bacteria counts are tracked and teeth are given X-rays can reverse further damage. According to Ultimate Oral Health Guide, the opaque white spot that forms during a cavity's early stages indicates a tooth has become demineralized and is beginning to soften. Remineralization naturally reverses cavities that are in the very first stage of decay. Therefore, the sooner a cavity is spotted, the sooner the problem can be reversed. As the tooth softens, bacteria enters the tooth, moving toward the center of the softened spot.
WebMD explains that fixing cavities or getting rid of them usually entails removing the decayed portion of the tooth and adding a filling. However, that treatment, according to researchers, is typically more invasive than what is necessary. Cavities in the first stages of development are tiny. Therefore, filling a very small cavity requires removing too much of a healthy tooth. Cavities that go unchecked lead to destruction of the tooth enamel and require fillings. Further damage may call for a root canal and a crown. In some cases, tooth loss may occur as well. A paste has been developed at the FAP Dental Institute in Japan that can seal a tooth lesion without a drill.Learn more about Dental