Medscape lists several treatment options for invasive candidiasis depending on where the infection occurs and what type of candida fungus infects the body. For example, topical antifungal medications for candidiasis on the skin usually clear up the infection, unless the patient has an underlying condition that compromises the immune system. Several antifungal medications, along with a class of drugs known as echinocandins, are favored for candidiasis treatment.
A yeast infection of the genital area, known as genitourinary tract candidiasis, can be treated with a single dose of oral fluconazole. If the infection persists, doctors may prescribe more doses of fluconazole for up to six months, according to Medscape. The University of Maryland Medical Center indicates low-strength corticosteroids may go along with the antifungal treatment to reduce inflammation and itching in the vaginal area.
Candidiasis that affects the kidneys may need intravenous solutions of amphotericin B or fluconazole administered for two to six weeks. Medscape explains use of amphotericin B is rare since fluconazole is equally as effective for treatment without any dangerous toxicities.
Candidemia, a condition where candidiasis infects the blood, should be treated systemically with fluconazole first. If that drug does not work, Medscape says a doctor may prescribe an echinocandin. An echinocandin works by attacking the fungal cell walls and inhibiting the growth of fungal cells, according to Drugs.com. Echinocandins, and regular antifungal medications, are administered intravenously over a few weeks for candidemia patients to eliminate the systemic infection.