Bone spurs are bony growths that form along the edges of bones, according to Mayo Clinic. Surgery is the only way to get rid of them.
Many individuals with bone spurs experience no symptoms, so they go unnoticed. Some people find that their range of motion is limited as a result of a bone spur, and they may have swelling or pain. How bone spurs are treated is based on where they are located and the impact they are having on overall health, states Mayo Clinic.
Bone spurs are often located in the joints and frequently develop as a result of osteoarthritis, according to Mayo Clinic. The wear and tear of osteoarthritis causes the cartilage, which provides a cushion for the bone, to breakdown. In an effort to replace the loss of the cartilage, the body forms bone spurs in the area that is damaged.
Bone spurs located in the fingers cause the joints to appear knobby, reports Mayo Clinic. A person with shoulder bone spurs will often experience swelling and tears in the rotator cuff. Limited range of motion and pain in the hip and knee are associated with spurs in the hip. Bone spurs in the knee will cause pain when extending and bending the knee. If a bone spur is pinching the spinal cord or its nerve roots, the individual will likely experience numbness and weakness in the arms and legs.