According to the Free Dictionary, the reverse Trendelenburg position is one in which a person is lying supine with the head elevated higher than the rest of the body and the feet supported with a foot board. It is the opposite of the Trendelenburg position, in which a person is placed in a supine position with the foot of the bed raised about 30 to 45 degrees.Continue Reading
Wikipedia explains that the Trendelenburg position was first described by German physician Friedrich Trendelenburg, a prominent surgeon. It is the preferred position for patients undergoing pelvic and lower abdominal surgery since it results in the abdominal organs shifting upward and away from the surgeon's view. The reverse Trendelenburg position is often preferred by surgeons who are operating on morbidly obese individuals.
According to an article in Anesthesia and Analgesia, the reverse Trendelenburg position improves the patient's breathing and maintains the arterial blood pressure in a more stable range. Even in non-obese individuals, the position has some surgical benefits, according to Oxford Journals. These include improved drainage of blood from the head and neck region, reduced intracranial pressure and a decreased likelihood of regurgitation of stomach contents. The most common complications associated with this position are lowered blood pressure and venous air embolism, or introduction of air into the venous blood.Learn more about Diagnostics & Imaging
Some common low-cost home treatments for ailments of the foot include icing, elevation, rest and choosing the right shoes, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. It is important to seek medical attention to address the cause of the pain.Full Answer >
Swelling of the foot or feet may point to a variety of health conditions that range from fairly minor to a medical emergency, according to Healthline. Often, swelling of the foot is caused by simply standing or sitting too long, osteoarthritis or an injury such as a sprain or fracture.Full Answer >
During a physical exam, the doctor typically reviews the patient’s health history and checks vital signs, general appearance and the health of his body organs such as the heart, lungs, head and neck and skin, according to WebMD. The doctor also orders laboratory tests on the patient’s urine, stool and blood, and then performs additional specialized tests based on the patient’s gender.Full Answer >
Medical schools use body organ charts for each body part and organ system in a human bodyfrom head to toe. In the study of anatomy, theAnatomical Chart Company is one of the sourcesthat work with medical illustrators to create body, organ, tissue and other anatomical charts for educational purposes.Full Answer >