A person with prediabetes can reverse the condition through lifestyle changes such as following a healthy diet, getting more exercise and losing weight, according to Mayo Clinic. These changes can help lower blood sugar and prevent the condition from progressing to Type 2 diabetes.
The biggest risk factor for prediabetes is being overweight, especially in people who have excess abdominal fat, states Mayo Clinic. Therefore, weight loss is an important part of treating prediabetes. Losing 5 to 10 percent of the body's weight reduces an overweight person's risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. A low-calorie diet with a focus on whole grains, vegetables and high fiber assists weight loss without the dieter feeling excessively hungry. Moderate exercise for 30 to 60 minutes on most days of the week also helps with weight loss and causes the body's cells to burn up the excess sugar in the bloodstream.
People with prediabetes have a blood sugar level that is higher than normal but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes, explains WebMD. With this condition, the body does not make enough insulin or does not respond properly to insulin. This places the person at risk of eventually developing diabetes and increases the risk of heart disease or stroke.