Nephrotic syndrome is a symptom of several different kidney diseases, so reversing the syndrome requires treatment of the underlying disease, according to Mayo Clinic. Treatments for the symptoms and complications of nephrotic syndrome include diuretics, blood thinners, blood pressure medications, cholesterol medications and, in some cases, immune system suppressing medications.
Nephrotic syndrome is a condition in which the body excretes too much protein in the urine, Mayo Clinic explains. The basic cause of this condition is usually damage to the small clusters of blood vessels that filter the blood within the kidneys. Nephrotic syndrome causes swelling in various places in the body, particularly the feet, ankles and around the eyes. It can also cause weight gain from fluid retention and unusually foamy urine. The condition increases the risks for blood clot formation and infection. Nephrotic syndrome can cause the liver to release excess triglycerides and cholesterol in the blood as it works to replace the lost blood proteins.
Doctors use blood tests, urine tests and kidney biopsies to diagnose nephrotic syndrome, Mayo Clinic reports. Blood tests can detect low protein or high lipid levels in the blood, while urine tests typically show high protein levels. Kidney biopsies use needles to take samples of kidney tissue, which a doctor sends to a lab for testing.