What are the restrictions of a gout diet?


Quick Answer

The main restrictions on a gout diet are on organ meats, glandular meats, some types of alcohol and certain seafood, says Mayo Clinic. Many of these foods are avoided on a gout diet because they are high in purines. Examples of organ and glandular meats to avoid include sweetbreads, liver and kidney. Seafood to avoid include sardines, scallops, tuna, trout and anchovies. Beer and distilled liquors are both associated with gout, but the effects of wine are less clear.

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Full Answer

A gout diet is also improved by adding in certain foods that help prevent the symptoms of gout, according to Mayo Clinic. These foods include cherries, coffee and Vitamin C supplements. Some vegetables are high in purines, but despite this they do not appear to contribute to gout, and can be eaten on a gout diet. These vegetables include spinach, mushrooms, cauliflower, peas and asparagus. People with gout benefit from drinking plenty of water and staying well hydrated. Weight loss also consistently helps with gout symptoms.

The formation of uric acid crystals in the joints causes gout, a very painful form of arthritis, explains Mayo Clinic. Uric acid is a byproduct of the breakdown of purines, which the body forms on its own even when it is absent from the diet.

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