It is not possible to restore tooth enamel that has been worn away or damaged as it is not living tissue, according to Crest. However, patients may seek tooth bonding or a tooth crown to rebuild tooth structure.
For teeth that have been chipped or cracked, tooth bonding may be an effective option to rebuild structure by filling in the area of damage with a tooth-colored composite resin, as stated by Crest. A tooth crown prevents further erosion with a cap that covers the damaged enamel.
To prevent further enamel loss and promote healthy teeth, patients should reduce their consumption of highly acidic foods and beverages such as citrus fruits and carbonated sodas, as recommended by WebMD. Rinsing the teeth with water after consuming acidic foods or drinks, as well as drinking acidic drinks with a straw to avoid contact with the teeth, can also help prevent enamel erosion.
WebMD also recommends that people chew sugar-free gum between meals to increase saliva production, which strengthens the teeth with minerals. Gum with xylitol reduces the acidity of foods and beverages, and fluoride in a toothpaste or mouthwash strengthens the teeth. Patients should also avoid snacking excessively throughout the day to reduce tooth decay, and a dental checkup every six months is recommended.