Medical News Today suggests that the Mediterranean diet is preferable to other types of diet, such as the American or the North European one, because of its largely recognized health benefits. Many studies support this claim with their results.
The Mediterranean diet incorporates the eating habits of the people in countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea, mainly Greece and Italy. It includes primarily plant-based foods, such as fruits and vegetables, legumes, whole grains and nuts. It also includes fish and poultry in moderation and allows for eggs, no more than four times a week. Olive oil is the main source of fat. Cheese and yogurt are the main dairy foods. The diet limits the consumption of red meat to a few times each month, in small portions. Instead of salt, it emphasizes the use of herbs and spices for flavor. Drinking low to moderate amounts of red wine is optional.
Numerous studies have shown that the adoption of the Mediterranean diet reduces the risk of heart disease, and it even carries a lower risk of heart attack and heart-related death than the adoption of a strictly low-fat diet. There is also a reduced incidence of cancer, Type 2 diabetes, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases. The conclusion of most studies is that people who follow this diet tend to have better health-related quality of life.