Reproductive endocrinology is a branch of medicine that addresses issues relating to infertility in men and women. Reproductive endocrinologists identify and treat infertility, reports the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. Up to 15 percent of couples in the United States deal with fertility-related concerns, and doctors diagnose many of them with reproductive disorders.
After evaluating their fertility treatment options, many couples facing infertility seek the services of reproductive endocrinologists, says the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. The medical specialist identifies the cause of infertility in a patient and selects an appropriate treatment plan.
Some of the fields of study in which a reproductive endocrinologist specializes include polycystic ovarian syndrome, fertility preservation and congenital uterine anomalies. The field also includes disorders of the reproductive tract, in-vitro fertilization and endometriosis, which is a condition that causes pelvic pain when endometrial tissue forms outside the uterus. The endocrinology course requires eight years of training in medicine and residency in obstetrics and gynecology, reports the Reproductive Medicine Associates of Connecticut. Training includes delivery of babies, care of pregnant women and surgical treatment of disorders.
Physicians undertake an additional three-year training program in reproductive endocrinology upon completion of residency. The American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology then certifies reproductive endocrinologists, states the Reproductive Medicine Associates of Connecticut.