The procedure for repairing a mitral valve clip is a nonsurgical treatment for mitral regurgitation that routes a small clip, called a MitraClip, through the femoral vein to the heart, reports the University of Alabama at Birmingham. The MitraClip is attached to leaflets in the mitral valve to close the leak.
The MitraClip is delivered with a catheter inserted into the femoral vein through an incision in the groin, according to Massachusetts General Hospital. Advanced imaging is used by the surgeon to move the clip and catheter through the vein to the heart and mitral valve. The MitraClip minimizes blood leakage back into the upper chamber of the heart. The patient is under general anesthesia for the procedure. After the MitraClip procedure, patients are usually monitored in the intensive care unit for one to two days, and then released from the hospital five to six days later.
The MitraClip procedure is recommended for patients who are at high risk for open heart or mitral valve surgery, explains Massachusetts General Hospital. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the MitraClip system in 2013 for clinical use in patients with significant cases of mitral regurgitation. The MitraClip system is not approved for clinical use to repair milder cases of the condition.