Renal insufficiency, also called chronic kidney disease, is managed and treated primarily by treating the health problem that is damaging the kidneys, according to WebMD. In addition, patients often take a variety of medications and are required to make some lifestyle changes that can treat other conditions that make renal insufficiency worse.
The most common causes of renal insufficiency are a number of years with uncontrolled high blood pressure or diabetes, WebMD reports. Sometimes medications can damage the kidneys, leading to renal insufficiency. Some individuals are born with kidney problems that lead to renal insufficiency, or they contract an infection or disease that damages the organs.
Controlling high blood pressure and glucose levels are key to managing and treating renal insufficiency, WebMD explains. Taking these steps can stop further damage or slow its progress. It is important to take any medication the way it is prescribed and to let the doctor know if the patient is taking any new medications, including vitamins and supplements, to avoid further damaging the kidneys.
Doctors usually tell patients with renal insufficiency to make lifestyle changes. In addition to giving up smoking and drinking, doctors recommend getting regular exercise and monitoring the diet for the proper amount of salt and protein. The doctor may also require the patient to monitor fluid intake, as noted by WebMD.