To remove an object that is stuck in the throat, perform the Heimlich maneuver for patients over 1 year old, and use rescue back blows and chest thrusts for babies under 1 year old, as WebMD recommends. If the person has breathing problems, contact emergency services.
For patients over 1 year old, let them cough to try to remove the object, but if they can't cough, proceed with the Heimlich procedure, which starts by wrapping your arms around the person's waist from behind. Clench one hand into a fist, and turn it to press the thumb side against the patient's stomach just above the navel. While grasping the fist with the other hand, give a fast upward thrust into the stomach, continuing until the object pops out or the patient faints, advises WebMD. For pregnant or obese people, apply the upward thrusts in the center of the chest rather than the stomach, as Mayo Clinic instructs.
If babies under 1 year old can't cough, place them facedown on your forearm with the head lower than the chest. Use the other hand's heel to apply five back slaps between the baby's shoulder blades. If the object remains stuck, turn the baby upward while supporting the head on your thigh while keeping the head lower than the body. Using two or three fingers, apply five quick chest thrusts just below the nipple line. Alternate between five back slaps and five chest thrusts until the object pops out or the baby faints, notes WebMD.
If the baby faints, call emergency services before starting CPR. When doing rescue breaths, keep checking for the object each time the airway opens up, explains WebMD. For pregnant or obese people, apply the upward thrusts in the chest's center rather than the stomach, as Mayo Clinic details.