An ovarian cyst can be removed through laparoscopic surgery if it is small enough; large cysts or multiple cysts are removed during open surgery. Open surgery may also be required if complications arise during laparoscopic surgery, according to Mount Sinai Hospital.Know More
During an open surgery procedure, an incision is made in the abdomen, the abdominal muscles are separated and the abdomen is opened. Clamps or ties are used to cut off the blood supply to the ovaries in most cases. The cyst is then surgically removed; sometimes tissue is tested during surgery and if cancer is suspected, the ovaries are removed. The surgeon will then stitch the muscles of the abdomen back together and use staples or stitches to close the incision. The procedure takes up to two hours. Patients are given general anesthesia to block the pain and keep them asleep throughout the process, according to Mount Sinai Hospital.
There are several reasons a doctor may recommend removing an ovarian cyst. Cysts measuring more than 2.5 inches in diameter or that are suspected of being cancerous should generally be removed. Solid cysts and those that cause pain should also be removed, according to Mount Sinai Hospital.
Complications of ovarian cyst removal include infection and bleeding. There is also a possibility that the cyst will return after removal, and certain cysts may require the removal of one or both ovaries along with the cysts. Damage to other organs, infertility and blood clots are also possible complications of ovarian cyst removal.Learn more about Skin Conditions
How long it takes to recover from hernia operation depends on the type of surgery performed; open surgery recovery time takes one to two weeks, while recovery time for laparoscopic surgery takes a week or less, says Drugs.com. A patient should follow his doctor’s instruction and tread cautiously for about two weeks, advises Cleveland Clinic.Full Answer >
A pilonidal cyst is a growth on the bottom of the coccyx, or tailbone, according to WebMD. If the cyst develops an infection, it is known as a pilonidal abscess and can fill with pus. When it becomes an abscess, it resembles a pimple just over the crack between buttocks.Full Answer >
A dermoid cyst, or teratoma is a growth that contains teeth, hair, skin, nerve tissue or fluid that is present in various parts of the body, according to WebMD. They most often occur in the ovaries, on the face, within the skull and on the lower back. People are born with them.Full Answer >
Depending on type, severity and cause of a cyst, Medicine Net explains that treatment options include fluid expulsion with a needle and surgical removal. Many times, a cyst is simply monitored by a doctor and eventually heals on its own. In more severe cases, cysts may signal malignancy and a doctor may biopsy the site or recommend full removal of the growth to prevent further health complications.Full Answer >