Treatments for trigger thumb include splinting the hand, anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen and steroid injections into the affected tendon, explains WebMD. If symptoms of trigger thumb do not respond to standard treatments, surgery may be required.
Additional remedies for trigger thumb include stretching exercises to increase mobility and heat therapy, explains Mayo Clinic. In certain cases, applying ice to the palm can help to minimize discomfort. Another effective treatment is percutaneous release, a non-surgical procedure in which a strong needle is inserted into the hand and moved around in order to release the constricted tissues.
Individuals who don't respond well to injections may be treated with iontopherisis therapy, a treatment that utilizes electrical currents to apply medication to the affected area, explains Houston Methodist Orthopedics and Sports Medicine. Cortisone injections may also be helpful in decreasing inflammation, however, splinting may be required following the injection to ensure proper healing. Trigger thumb occurs when the tendons of the hands become thickened due to overuse, injury or conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis. Repeated physical actions such as gripping the steering wheel when driving or holding tools in the same position for extended periods of time can also cause trigger thumb to develop.