Remedies for rheumatoid arthritis in the thumb joint include applications of ice, physical therapy, medication, splints and surgery, according to Healthline. Simple thumb exercises can improve symptoms and range of motion.
Rheumatoid arthritis is common in hands and fingers, states WebMD. A multifaceted regimen is necessary to attack this condition, so it is advisable to consult a doctor before beginning any particular treatment, explains Healthline. Anti-inflammatory over-the-counter drugs containing acetaminophen, as well as supplements containing glucosamine and chondroitin, may help in relieving pain. If over-the-counter medicines prove ineffective, the doctor may prescribe medication including COX-2 inhibitors, states Healthline.
Eating foods rich in vitamin D, flax oil and omega-3 fatty acids can aid in decreasing inflammation, explains WebMD. Special arthritis splints can help lessen pain in the thumb joint by alleviating pressure. Steroid injections into the thumb joint by a doctor is the least invasive step before surgery, explains Healthline. When all basic attempts at treatment have failed, and the patient is still in pain with loss of range of motion and strength, surgery is an option. The four types of thumb surgery are removing a wrist bone connected to the thumb, aligning and possibly trimming the bones in the joint, fusing together the bones in the joint and replacing the joint with tendon grafts.