Effective remedies for constipation in children under the age of 12 include drinking adequate amounts of water and eating a high-fiber diet, according to WebMD. Children above 1 year of age should eat 20 to 35 grams of fiber per day. Gently massaging the child's belly can help alleviate discomfort. Additionally, taking a warm bath can help relax sphincter muscles and encourage the passing of bowel movements. Parents should never give constipated children enemas or laxatives without consulting a doctor.
High-fiber baby foods that can help relieve constipation in children under 1 year of age include cooked dry beans or peas, peaches, prunes, plums and apricots, states WebMD. Good sources of fiber for children over 1 year include oatmeal, bran flakes, bran muffins, beans and brown rice. Most children experience constipation at some point. It is usually short-lived and causes no long-term problems. Causes of constipation in children include not drinking enough fluids, changes in diet, changes in daily routine and taking certain medications.
Constipation sometimes causes pain and cramping if the child strains to pass stool, explains WebMD. Also, the child may experience bloating and nausea. Although home treatment usually effectively relieves constipation, parents should seek medical attention if the constipation gets worse, blood appears in the child's stool, the constipation lasts for more than a week or the child develops a fever.