Constipation is generally treated with conservative measures and not necessarily a prescription. These include lifestyle changes involving adjustments to diet and exercise levels, the use of mild laxatives, and taking prescription medication only if necessary, according to WebMD.
A physician most often recommends a person suffering with constipation to increase his intake level of dietary fiber and perform an adequate amount of exercise to support normal bowel function. For more problematic constipation in children or adults, the doctor may recommend using an appropriate laxative, which is available as an over-the-counter product for a short-term treatment. Chronic constipation requiring long-term treatment may be treated with prescription medications, explains WebMD.