Limiting intake of salt, sugar, alcohol and caffeine reduces period-related bloating, states Period Vitamin. Exercising and eating a healthy diet that includes vegetables and whole grains in addition to increasing water consumption are helpful too. Supplements, diuretics, birth control pills, primrose oil and apple cider vinegar are other alternatives.
Bloating refers to a heavy feeling in the stomach caused by fluid retention, explains Feminax. Fluid takes the form of blood, lymphatic fluid, and many other types of natural liquid. It often occurs during the premenstrual, follicular and period stages of the menstrual cycle, notes Period Vitamin. Fluctuations of the hormones estrogen and progesterone cause bloating. Hormones need to be in balance and require certain foods and activities to remain stable. Heredity and diet are also a factor as detailed by Mayo Clinic.
Monitoring for signs of water retention is important when a woman has her period. Urine develops a darker color than normal, says Feminax. Constipation and stomach problems due to slow digestion during the menstrual cycle indicate bloating, Period Vitamin states.
Diet and lifestyle changes can help alleviate bloating, but the severity may warrant other medical solutions. Diuretics reduce fluid by increasing urination, according to Period Vitamin. Prescribed oral contraceptive pills also work to reduce PMS symptoms, in general, as noted by Mayo Clinic. Probiotics; magnesium; zinc; calcium; B vitamins, such as riboflavin and thiamin; and omega oils may help as well, notes BoatingTips.