Joint inflammation is commonly treated with anti-inflammatory drugs, including ibuprofen, aspirin, Celebrex and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, according to WebMD. Other medications used to treat joint inflammation include narcotic pain relievers, corticosteroids and chemotherapy drugs. Many of the drugs are available in both nonprescription and prescription strength.
Biologic therapy and disease modifying treatments are also used to combat joint inflammation, notes WebMD. Rest, exercise and surgery are additional options sometimes prescribed by physicians to treat joint inflammation.
The specific treatment plan for joint inflammation varies depending on such factors as the patient's overall health, age and medical history, states WebMD. The disease being treated, the severity of the patient's symptoms and the medications the patient is already taking are also factors in the treatment plan.
Symptoms of joint inflammation include joint pain, stiffness and swelling, explains WebMD. Redness in the affected area, as well as loss of function in the affected joints are also symptoms of joint inflammation. Symptoms that mimic the flu may also be present. Such symptoms include chills, headaches, fatigue, fever and loss of appetite, among others.
Inflammation occurs when the body signals immune proteins and white blood cells to fight against bacteria, viruses and infections, advises WebMD. In the presence of autoimmune diseases, however, the immune system causes damage to otherwise healthy tissue by signaling white blood cells and immune proteins to respond in areas of the body where no foreign substances exist.