Treatment options for gastritis pain include antacid medications, histamine blockers and proton-pump inhibitors, as listed by Mayo Clinic. Patients should also avoid alcohol, eat smaller portions, avoid certain foods and manage stress to relieve symptoms.
Antacids can provide fast pain relief by neutralizing the acid in the stomach, but they may cause side effects such as diarrhea or constipation depending on the formula, according to Mayo Clinic. Histamine blockers relieve symptoms and promote healing by restricting the amount of acid released into the digestive tract. These include both over-the-counter and prescription medications such as famotidine, ranitidine, cimetidine and nizatidine. Proton-pump inhibitors such as lansoprazole, esomeprazole and rabeprazole can also help. For cases that involve H. pylori, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics to promote healing.
Eating small, frequent meals throughout the day can help prevent indigestion, and limiting alcohol consumption prevents the irritation of the stomach's mucus lining, as explained by Mayo Clinic. Patients should also avoid fried, high-fat, spicy and acidic foods that irritate the stomach. Those who use pain relievers may consider switching to acetaminophen for a smaller chance of developing an upset stomach, but a doctor should approve this change first. Stress is also known to aggravate gastritis, so patients may consider trying relaxing activities such as tai chi and yoga.