Certain anti-inflammatory medications, physical therapy, stretching exercises and wearing appropriate shoes can aid in relieving heel spur pain, notes WebMD. Taping the affected area may relax muscles and tendons, thus alleviating heel pain. A person with heel spur pain that lasts for at least nine months should undergo surgery.
Ibuprofen, acetaminophen and naproxen, which are available for purchase over the counter, may alleviate heel spur symptoms, notes WebMD. Corticosteroid injections may reduce the symptoms as well. The patient may use shoe inserts or wear orthotic devices to reduce pain.
Surgery can remove a spur or release plantar fascia, explains WebMD. However, surgery may cause infection, persistent pain, scarring, permanent numbness and lack of balance. After surgery, the patient should apply ice to, compress, raise or rest the foot to reduce pain. The doctor may recommend wearing surgical shoes, bandages or splints as well as using canes or crutches.
To prevent heel spurs, the patient should wear shoes that fit well and absorb shock, warm up before exercise, avoid shoes that have too much wear, and engage in weight loss activities if necessary, advises WebMD. Wearing the right shoe for every activity may also keep pain associated with heel spurs at bay. Factors that may render a person vulnerable to heel spurs include running on hard surfaces and gait abnormalities.