To relieve short-term finger joint pain, use an elastic wrap to compress the joint, and lift the joint above heart level, recommends WebMD. Avoid activities that could potentially increase pain, and apply ice or a cold pack multiple times per day for 15 minutes at a time.
Cold reduces inflammation, numbs the pain and reduces muscle spasms, notes WebMD. Applying a heating wrap or pad throughout the day may prevent muscle spasms associated with joint pain. Although a splint may limit pain and decrease movement, leaving it on for too long can cause stiffness and a loss of function.
To relieve finger joint pain associated with rheumatoid arthritis, speak to a doctor about appropriate medications for managing the pain and reducing inflammation, recommends Mayo Clinic. A therapist may also provide exercises to strengthen the fingers and advice on performing regular tasks in ways that keep pain at bay. Exercising may not be appropriate if the joints are severely tender or inflamed or if they have been recently injured.
Taking steps to alleviate stress may decrease the effects of long-term finger joint pain, states Mayo Clinic. Stress relief methods, such as muscle relaxation, distraction and guided imagery, may be beneficial. In some cases, finger joint pain caused by rheumatoid arthritis may require surgery, which may involve joint fusion, tendon repair or complete joint replacement.