To get relief from sciatica pain, apply cold or hot packs, stretch your lower back and take pain relievers as necessary, recommends Mayo Clinic. If self-care treatments are not effective, a doctor may prescribe additional medications, physical therapy, steroid injections or surgery.
Sciatica pain usually subsides naturally through self-care treatments, notes Mayo Clinic. Continue with your usual routine, with the exception of whatever activity caused the pain in the first place. Too much inactivity can exacerbate symptoms associated with sciatica. Place a cold pack against the painful area for 20 minutes, multiple times per day. After two or three days pass, apply a hot compress to the painful area. Switching between cold and hot packs may help to alleviate the pain.
Stretching the lower back for at least 30 seconds at a time can reduce sciatica pain, states Mayo Clinic. It is important to avoid sudden jerking or twisting movements when performing the stretches. Taking ibuprofen or naproxen may provide relief from the pain.
If the sciatica pain does not subside, a physician may prescribe narcotics, anti-inflammatories, muscle relaxants or tricyclic antidepressants, explains Mayo Clinic. In some cases, an anti-seizure medication is required. Some sciatica pain may require physical therapy or an injection of steroids. When other therapies fail to treat severe sciatica, a surgical procedure may be necessary.