Because internal hemorrhoids are generally painless, relief comes through home treatment unless the hemorrhoid extends beyond the anus, at which point such treatments as banding, stapling and surgical removal become options, notes Harvard Medical School. External hemorrhoids cause a lot more pain because the skin over them erodes.
When blood vessels distend, they become hemorrhoids. While external hemorrhoids form in the area around the anus. Internal hemorrhoids form in the lower rectum. The cause that is usually attributed to hemorrhoids has to do with sitting on the toilet for long periods of time, straining while making bowel movements, and having long-term constipation. All of these hinder blood flow in the rectum, leading to enlarged vessels, reports Harvard Medical School.
Home treatment methods for hemorrhoids include adding more fiber to the diet. Supplements such as Fiber Con and Metamucil add fiber, and so do dietary sources. When taken with adequate hydration, fiber makes stools softer so they go through the system more easily, ameliorating the pressure on the hemorrhoids. Beans, broccoli, oat bran and wheat are just some items that have fiber, along with fresh fruit. Taking a brisk walk for 20 to 30 minutes each day boosts bowel function. Performing a bowel movement when the urge strikes keeps stool from gathering in the colon and building more pressure, as stated by Harvard Medical School.