Making lifestyle changes can help in relieving the symptoms of heartburn, and these include quitting smoking, avoiding overeating, losing weight for those who are overweight, avoiding alcohol, eating slowly, putting on loose-fitting clothes and avoiding foods that might trigger heartburn, notes WebMD. Over-the-counter medications that can be used to manage heartburn include proton pump inhibitors, antacids and H-2-receptor antagonists, as stated by Mayo Clinic.
Also known as acid reflux disease, heartburn occurs when there is an acid leakage in the esophagus due to a problem in the lower esophagus muscles, as stated by WebMD. It is characterized by a burning sensation in the throat or chest. If the heartburn occurs frequently, such as twice in a week, it can develop into a gastroesophageal reflux disease. Preventing or treating heartburn is necessary since it can cause damage to the esophagus over time.
Foods like citrus fruits, tomatoes, caffeine, onions, spicy foods, chocolate and peppermint are known to trigger heartburn. Pregnancy is also a risk factor for heartburn. In some cases, a person may experience a crushing chest pain, which can be dangerous, as stated by National Institutes of Health's MedlinePlus. Seeking immediate medical attention is necessary to prevent the worsening of any conditions.