Many people with Type 2 diabetes can regulate blood sugar by maintaining a healthy diet, getting regular exercise and monitoring blood glucose, but some diabetics also need to take prescribed medication, explains Mayo Clinic. Diabetic individuals usually develop an individual blood-sugar maintenance plan with a doctor's help.
A healthy diabetic diet typically includes plenty of high-fiber and low-fat foods, explains Mayo Clinic. There is no specific diabetes diet that every Type-2 diabetic follows, but most diabetics limit carbohydrates in some form or follow a diet based on the glycemic index. The glycemic index ranks foods by their effect on blood sugar, which makes it helpful for assessing the potential blood-glucose impact of specific meals.
Losing weight can help overweight Type-2 diabetics control their blood sugar levels, according to KidsHealth. Both diet and exercise can contribute to weight loss in addition to helping maintain appropriate blood glucose levels on a day-to-day basis.
For Type-2 diabetics who cannot keep blood sugar levels under control through lifestyle changes, thiazolidinediones and metformin may help the body more effectively use available insulin, explains Mayo Clinic. Other drugs called sulfonylureas and meglitinides can increase insulin production in the body. Another class of drugs, SGLT2 inhibitors, keep sugars from returning to the blood after being filtered out by the kidneys.