An individual can reduce triglycerides by exercising regularly, eating a healthy diet, limiting alcohol consumption and losing weight if needed, according to Mayo Clinic. In some cases of high triglycerides, the individual may need medication, according to WebMD.
Ways that an individual can reduce triglycerides through a healthy diet include avoiding saturated and trans fat, choosing foods with omega-3 fatty acids and monounsaturated fat, limiting cholesterol, reducing calorie consumption and avoiding simple carbohydrates, according to Mayo Clinic.
Medications a doctor may prescribe include fibrates, large doses of omega-3s or nicotinic acid, according to WebMD. The treatment of high triglycerides with medication can be complex because there are generally underlying health concerns.
A healthy diet and exercise are able to lower triglyceride levels, according to WebMD. This also improves an individual’s cholesterol and lowers the risk of heart disease. A high triglyceride level may lead to atherosclerosis, which increases the likelihood of heart disease, heart attacks and strokes, according to Mayo Clinic.
High triglycerides can be a sign of an underlying condition such as metabolic syndrome, hypothyroidism, poorly-managed type 2 diabetes, liver disease or kidney disease, according to Mayo Clinic. It can also be a sign of rare genetic conditions or obesity. Medications that may cause high triglycerides as a side effect include diuretics, steroids, beta blockers, birth control pills and tamoxifen.