Lifestyle and dietary changes, such as stress reduction, biofeedback, relaxation, and avoidance of fatty meals can relieve spastic colon, which is also called irritable bowel syndrome, explains the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons (ASCRS). Avoiding coffee and alcohol is sometimes helpful as well.
Some symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome are associated with the consumption of fructose and sorbitol, according to the ASCRS. Fructose is a sugar found in honey and fruit, and sorbitol is a common ingredient in low-calorie sweeteners. Foods that include beans, cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussels sprouts and onions produce gas and can cause bloating in patients with spastic colon.
Patients with irritable bowel syndrome often experience diarrhea, constipation or both, notes the ASCRS. Antidiarrheal medications, bile-acid binding agents, rifaximin and alosetron can relieve diarrhea, according to WebMD. Osmotic laxatives, polyethylene glycol, stimulant laxatives, linaclotide and lubiprostone may treat constipation that does not improve with home remedies.
Doctors may prescribe anticholinergic agents and low-dose antidepressants for patients who experience pain and cramping, explains WebMD. Anti-anxiety medications can manage symptoms associated with stress.
Irritable bowel syndrome affects about 15 percent of the population, explains the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons. The condition is produced by a problem in communication between the nervous system and the muscles of the gastrointestinal system, which causes irregular muscle contractions in the bowel.