Q:

How do you reduce LDL?

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Quick Answer

Doctors recommend setting a target, using medication, exercising, avoiding saturated fats, eating more fiber, nuts and fish, drinking green tea and one to two alcoholic drinks per day, and quitting smoking as methods to reduce lower density lipid levels, says WebMD. Consuming whole grains and good oils can also help.

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Full Answer

The most significant change to make for people seeking to lower their LDL cholesterol is to eat a balanced diet, says U.S. News. A cholesterol-friendly diet limits eating red meat, eggs and cheese and increases consumption of high fiber vegetables, grains like oats, and plant-based oils and fats, such as olive oil and avocados. A good diet has been found to reduce LDL cholesterol as effectively as statin medications.

Exercise is the second largest factor impacting cholesterol levels, says U.S. News. In addition to lowering LDL, patients need to increase high density lipids, and 30 minutes of moderate exercise at least five days per week has been found to increase HDL by 5 to 10 percent in 12 weeks.

Supplements that may help reduce LDL include red rice yeast and niacin, states U.S. News. Patients should be aware of potential side effects with these supplements, though, and make sure to disclose and discuss all supplement usage with their doctor.

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