A low-purine diet helps to reduce high levels of uric acid, states WebMD. Foods that are low in purines include vegetables and tomatoes, butter, cheese, eggs, nuts, peanut butter, chocolate and fruits. Cereals and breads that are not whole-grain are also low in purines.
Purines from certain types of foods are broken down into uric acid. In fact, they form 15 percent of all uric acid in the body, according to University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. Accumulation of uric acid in the body causes problems such as gout and kidney stones. People with high levels of uric acid should avoid sweetbreads, meat extracts, liver, kidneys, mussels, anchovies and scallops because they are very high in purines. High-fat breads, such as biscuits, pancakes and muffins, should also be avoided.
Foods such as fish, seafood, oatmeal, wheat germ and wheat bran have moderate levels of purines and may not increase the risk of gout, reveals WebMD. People who want to reduce high levels of uric acid should avoid or limit alcohol because it increases the production of purines, states University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. Gradual weight loss is recommended because rapid weight loss increases levels of uric acid in blood and urine. A low-purine diet is usually used with drugs, but diet alone can be effective.